Six Strategies For Teaching (NCTQ Report)
The National Council on Teacher Quality has pointed out six strategies that help in the promotion of learning among students.1 They are as follows:
Strategies To Help Take in Information
1. Pairing graphics with words.
Hearing and Seeing are two important channels of receiving information. Teaching must pay attention to both.
2. Linking abstract concepts with concrete representations.
Every abstract thought can be explained with a concrete example. Teachers must use illustration and examples generously to help shed light on the teaching material.
Strategies To Help Connect Information
3. Posing probing questions.
Asking students questions can help them think and process information.
4. Repeatedly alternating problems with their solutions provided and problems that students must solve.
"Explanations accompanying solved problems help students comprehend underlying principles, taking them beyond the mechanics of problem solving."
Alternating problems with solutions (Solve one and then ask the student to solve the next) helps the student to learn better.
Strategies to Help Remember
5. Distributing practice.
"Students should practice material several times after learning it, with each practice or review separated by weeks and even months." Repeated practice and feedback are essential to progress in learning.
6. Assessing to boost retention.
"Beyond the value of formative assessment (to help a teacher decide what to teach) and summative assessment (to determine what students have learned), assessments that require students to recall material help information “stick.”
1 NCTQ, Learning About Learning, January 2016