Some Self-Defeating Philosophical Positions
Scientism – The principle that only scientifically verifiable statements are true is itself not scientifically verifiable.
Skepticism – The statement that truth cannot be known is itself a statement considered to be true, which by its own verdict cannot be known.
Logical Positivism – The principle that only empirically verifiable statements can be true is itself not empirically verifiable.
Kantian Phenomenalism – If causality is just an a priori mental category imposed on sense data, then the whole enterprise of trying to account for what causes the experience of phenomena becomes self-defeating.
Relativism - The statement "Only relative truths exist" poses as absolute truth, which is self-defeating.
Subjectivism - The statement that we cannot know the objective world is itself an objective claim.
Religious Pluralism - The view that all religions are fundamentally the same is itself an exclusivist, not pluralist, position.