Yesterday looks as foolish...

Yesterday looks as foolish as today may seem tomorrow;
Yet, a step closer each day to the glowing Sun straightens each wrinkle of sorrow!
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His way... (Numbers 20:10-12)

"Moses said to them, "Listen, you rebels, must we bring you water out of this rock?" Then Moses raised his arm and struck the rock twice with his staff. Water gushed out, and the community and their livestock drank. "But the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, "Because you did not trust in me enough to honor me as holy in the sight of the Israelites, you will not bring this community into the land I give them." (Numbers 20:10-12)

THREE THINGS TO TIN IN
1. The Pulpit is not the place to express our personal frustration. It is the place to do the service of God.

2. God has called us to serve Him His way. If He has told us to speak to the rock, we must do just that and nothing else.

3. When our people can't see through the problem because of the dark, God wants us to light a candle and glorify and honor His holy Name. For, there is no darkness that has not been conquered by His light.
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Divine Connections

I believe in divine connections.

1. Divine connections are connections that God wants us to have in our lives.
2. Divine connections are connections that God brings into our lives.
3. Divine connections are connections that God establishes in our lives.
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On the Celebration of Christmas



It is interesting to note that the date of Christ’s birth is not recorded anywhere in the Scriptures. For whatever reasons, however, which is a matter of historical debate, the birthday of Jesus is celebrated at different places on different dates (mainly on December 25 or January 7). Interestingly, though the Scriptures took care to record the exact date when the word of God came to many of the prophets in the Old Testament, there is no attempt seen to record the exact date when the Word of God became flesh and came and lived among men as the Finality of God’s speaking business. Of course, the place of His birth is mentioned.

While the Birth itself had many significant pointers flashing around it (the Census order, the Star, the Magi, the shepherds, etc), attempts to pinpoint the exact time have been difficult. Whatever, I think God doesn’t want us to waste our time thinking too much of the date when Christ is born that we lose significance of the purpose for which He was born and the mission that He accomplished on the Cross. Also, it’s clear that God is not interested in our celebrating Christmas so much as He is interested in our submitting to the Lordship of Jesus Christ. The life of Jesus certainly did not begin on December 25 or January 7 or 4 BC or 1 AD. “In Him was life,” declared the Apostle, “and the life was the light of men.” John doesn’t even bother to mention very much about the Nativity events. He begins with the statement, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”

But, it is evident that there were many who did remember the various events associated with the birth of Jesus; and, Matthew and Luke, especially, have very well collected the testimonies surrounding Christ’s birth and put them in record for us to read. Possibly, in one sense, separating a holiday to commemorate those events may also help retell those stories in clear and concrete terms to posterity (unless the place of the Nativity stories is taken over by fairy tales and/or Santa Claus). But, there is one danger that must be avoided; and that is of compartmentalizing the hymns and homilies about the Incarnation to only the Christmas season. It is amazing that while songs and sermons on the death and resurrection of Jesus are popular throughout the year, the “Christmas” stories are not so popular throughout the year. That is at least evident from the fact that Christmas songs reach very high view-scores on YouTube only especially during this season. That I think is a practice that is not expected by the Scriptures.

Also, there are some who begin looking at the Christmas season as a partying and frolicking time, a time to have great fun and festivity. Celebration is a good thing when we are really doing things that honor the One it is all about. There is a general accusation that wine-selling soars high during Christmas. That indicates that there are people who have just been looking for a time of partying and they have now found this season as a socially acceptable time for feeding their carnal appetites. That, in turn, indicates the vileness of both societies (cultures) and individuals. There is nothing viler than dishonoring Jesus by calling a day in His name and indulging in acts that bring shame to His name. But, that is something that must be strongly challenged by pastors and preachers, who are mainly responsible for how the Christian community turns into as a result of their holding out or withholding the light of God’s Word. There is a great need of repentance among those who call themselves by His name.

But, whether it is December 25 or January 7, Christmas, as it has come to be known as, is a great opportunity to remember once again and declare aloud to the world that when the Son of God was given to us as God’s gift, when He became one of us and lived among us, the veil between God and man was rent down. There is nothing now that can stand between us and God. The only thing that we can do now is to avoid Him or try to go away from Him. And, of course, He cannot be killed again; for He died and rose up as Conqueror of Death for our sake.

Have a Blessed Celebration!
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10 Principles of Power Living from the Book of Haggai

1. Tomorrow never comes while you are looking forward to it. Hag.1:2
YOUR POWER MOMENT = "NOW"
Eccl.11:4,5,6 - He who observes the wind will not sow.
The First Step taken is Half the Journey Done

2. If you care for God's house, God will care for your house. Hag.1:3-9
YOUR POWER ATTITUDE= "CARE" "ZEAL" "PASSION"

3. There is no fruitfulness without the blessing of the Lord. Hag.1:11
YOUR POWER ENVIRONMENT= "FAVOR OF GOD"
Esth.4:14. Favor Positions you Promotes you Protects you

 4. There is no revival without a message of revival. Hag.1:12
YOUR POWER ACTION= "OBEDIENCE"

5. The Word is what stirs one to action. Hag.1:14
YOUR POWER EXPERIENCE= "STIRRED"

6. The ministry of the Word and the ministry of the House go together. Hag.2:2,10
Keep a record of the date and word..
YOUR POWER VISION/EXPECTATION = "BETTER IS YET TO COME"
Keep moving...There's reason to move ahead

7. When God gives a Vision, He also gives Provision. Hag.2:8,9
YOUR POWER ASSURANCE = "ALL NEEDS MET" "THE MASTER TAKES CARE"

8. Holiness is personal; sin is extensional. Hag.2:12-14
YOUR POWER POSTURE= "HOLINESS" "CLEANLINESS"

9. Blessing begins from the House of God. Hag.2:18
YOUR POWER HOUSE = "BODY OF CHRIST"

10. Your labor for the Lord is highly prized. Hag.2:22-23
YOUR POWER RETURNS= "POWER & AUTHORITY"
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Wishing You A Very Happy Christmas & A Joyous New Year!!

The world hustled and bustled in its own way as usual.
The little stars flickered and twinkled way up in the sky.
The angels huddled and bundled in a way quite unusual
To gaze into the glowing face of a new born boy.

One said, "See how tiny He looks in those swaddling clothes,
The Prince of Heaven has crossed into earth's deadly orb.
He who made Solomon rich has chosen for Himself a manger,
The Head of all things is born in His own world like a stranger!"

Then a gong rung hard and an angel called, "To the shepherds!"
And in an instant they were out of Bethlehem into the suburbs.
One angel declared to some grubby men, "Unto you Christ is born!"
And the angels rejoined, "Gloria in Excelsis Deo! Peace on earth, good will to men!"





"The LORD bless you and keep you; the LORD make His face shine upon you, and be gracious to you; the LORD lift up His countenance upon you, and give you peace." (Numbers 6:24-26)
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Defend the Bible? I would as soon defend a lion! Unchain it and itwill defend itself. – Charles Spurgeon

“Defend the Bible? I would as soon defend a lion! Unchain it and it will defend itself.” – Charles Spurgeon

There are at least three polar approaches to Christian Apologetics: (1) the Evidentialist Approach – that claims to prove God on the basis of non-biblical evidence, (2) the Reformed Approach – that claims the knowledge of God to already be basic to our epistemic frame, and (3) the Fideistic Approach – that rules out any extra evidence other than the Divine Self-Revelation itself.

Epistemically speaking, one also finds (1) the Rational Approach – for instance, the Ontological Arguments, that try to prove God on pure a priori rational bases, (2) the Empirical Approach – for instance, the Design Arguments and the Arguments from Miracles and Religious Experiences, that try to prove God on the basis of empirical evidences, and (3) the Intuitive Approach – that claim recognition of Truth as a faculty function (like the faculty of eye recognizing colors), without the need of extra evidence.

A closer look into the psychology of belief, however, will soon prove that evidence is the function of a subjective epistemological framework (SEF); thus, what counts as evidence for A in (SEF-1) might not count as evidence for B in (SEF-2). The subjective epistemological framework functions as the hermeneutic grid of knowledge acquisition and belief formation. Usually, a number of SEFs share a cultural pattern (a number of people in a particular culture would look at things in the same way and reason in the same manner); however, in modern times, the trend is towards individualistic hermeneutical patterning. Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002) in Truth and Method, 1960) has shown that an SEF can undergo transformation through encounter with new information. An SEF is not static but dynamic, enlarging, and changing. But that involves time, though in time an SEF can arrive at such a form (e.g. Western mind-set) that it is no longer able to relate to its previous form (e.g. Eastern mind-set). Also, Richard Swinburne (Faith and Reason, 1981) has shown that it is possible that a person who has acquired a set of beliefs for certain reasons that he believes are valid at a particular time may no longer remember those reasons later on, though holding on to the beliefs yet ardently. In the same vein, it is possible that the same reasons might not look very much evidential from a latter perspective (later SEF). For instance, say a person was converted to Christ after finding that a passage in the Vedas found fulfillment in the Bible. His Vedic SEF gave evidential functional value (EFV) to the Biblical revelation. However, later on his hermeneutical methods undergo change and he questions his own previous interpretation; however, he doesn’t abandon his Christian faith because his present SEF had undergone a transformation in which new evidences stand in support of his faith.

But, then the question arises: Aren’t there some basic and absolute determinants within an SEF that are uniform, immutable, and basic to the epistemic framework of all humans, in fact to truth itself? Yes, they are there. And, it is here that the role of Christian Apologetics comes into play: to clear the bushes, to challenge false and speculative references in an SEF, to present truth in a way that would bring in a transformation of an SEF to accord with the truth. This is what is also meant by the renewing of the mind and transformation of a person. But, to get to that basic platform, there are a number of fallacious overgrowths that need to be first cleared away. It is only when the dirt from the glass is cleaned away that the light of truth can shine fully through. But, that is a gradual process (something that is doctrinally referred to as part of sanctification). In the initial point however, the Gospel breaks through the cloudy nest of ideas that one is struggling with, rips the veil off, and shines in to regenerate the mind. Salvation is first and foremost a spiritual experience of intellectual deliverance. There are some who gradually come into it; but, there is always a point of decision though one may not remember such a point specifically later on. The grace of God knows the point of contact.
“For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men, teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in the present age, looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ, who gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from every lawless deed and purify for Himself His own special people, zealous for good works. “ (Titus 2:11-14)
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Zacharias

Zacharias is a curious personality in the New Testament. The Gospel of Luke begins with his story, and he and his wife are introduced with the words: "they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless." (1:6).

Note that 
(1) They were both righteous "before God". There were many, and still are many, who would like to only look (or at least only look) righteous before people. The Pharisees used to wear white robes, stand in public places, and try to show how righteous and godly they were. But, Jesus called them "white washed tombs". They were not righteous in God's sight. But, these were the same persons who called Jesus a blasphemer, a violator of law, and condemned him to the death of the cross. However, Jesus was the perfect fulfillment of divine righteousness. It's not important whether think we are righteous or not. But, it's important what the True and Rightful Judge says about us. To live righteously means to live in perfect accordance with God's will. That is described in the next part of the statement.

(2) They were continually "walking in "all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless". They didn't just obey some commandments and let go the others. They obeyed all the commandments without exception. They also kept all the ordinances (things that God had ordained to carry about, like the offerings, feasts, etc) faithfully. They didn't argue around, rationalize, dilute, compromise, or neglect even one of them. Jesus said that if someone belittles a commandment and treats it slightly, he will also be treated slightly in the kingdom of God; but, he who obeys and teach them shall be called great in the Kingdom of heaven (Matthew 5:19).

(3) God bears testimony about "both" of them. It was not just Zacharias or only Elizabeth. Both of them were God-fearing. Such a testimony was not given even about Job. Here is a man who led his family well. He was truly fit for service in the House of God (1Timothy 3:5). Their exact opposite in the New Testament were Ananias and Sapphira. But, regarding Zacharias and Elizabeth, God could bear witness about both of them.

(4) Finally, the Bible also records that their obedience was "blameless". They could obey because they knew the Word, thought about the word, and took care to obey it. No one could point a finger against them with regard to this. There are a very few people today who could confidently say that they obey "all" the commandments. One reason is because they aren't confident if they really know all the commands. And, the reason of this is generally a neglect of reading and meditating on the Word of God. The lack of God's Word creates darkness. It brings blame. For Zacharias and Elizabeth the Bible was the action manual. Therefore, no one could bring any accusation against them. If one is blameless in the eyes of God, then there's nothing that can condemn that person anymore; for, God is in his/her side.

And, yet despite all this testimony in favor of them, the Bible declares that Elizabeth was barren. That might be reproachful in man's sight. However, in God's sight it is but a small thing, for the fruit of the womb is from Him. Also, delay is not a signal for abandoning hope. We learn that Zacharias was a prayerful man. The angel testified that his prayer was heard (1:13). It might have taken quite a bit of time for the answer to come but, it all came in time well orchestrated by God's Spirit: the falling of the lot for Zacharias' term to get into the Temple, the moment of appearance, the words to be spoken by the angel -- everything!

Not many people heard such a testimony from God that their prayer was heard. God does love everyone, but He will not listen to the prayers of sinners. He tells us in the books of the prophets that we must get things right first in our own lives before we even approach His altar. Jesus told that we must first settle things with each other before bringing an offering before God. He also made it clear that answers to prayers are only for us when we abide in Him and His words abide in us. A prayer of repentance is a different thing; God calls for repentance and honors true repentance. However, the prayers of sinners are hindered (1Peter 3:7). But, the prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective.

Proverbs 15:29 The LORD is far from the wicked but he hears the prayer of the righteous.
James 5:16 Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective.
1Peter 3:12 For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous and his ears are attentive to their prayer, but the face of the Lord is against those who do evil."

When he saw the angel and heard those words, Zacharias was certainly shocked, surprised, and afraid. He didn't expect such a thing. In fact, this was the first time someone encountered such a thing in the past 400 some years since the Babylonian captivity in the 5th century BC. The angel told him that he's going to have a son through his wife Elizabeth. (I think it's good he mentioned Elizabeth's name, or else, perhaps, the story of Abraham and Hagira would have been repented here.) But, it was still difficult for him to believe. It sometimes happens that people pray but are surprised and filled with incredulity when they see the answer. So, he fearfully asked, "How shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is well advanced in years." (1:18). He was asking for a sign, which he shouldn't have done if he knew his roots well and remembered that God gave Abraham a child when he was 100 years old.

God did give Zacharias a sign; however, that sign was quite unique from any other. It was a sign that would remain with Zacharias till the day of his fulfillment. It was a sign that would remind him of God's Word every moment of his life. The sign was that Zacharias would be unable to speak anything till John was born. We don't know how long Zacharias lingered inside. But, we do know that it took a long time before he came out. The account in Luke seems to be condensed and to-the-point version, but, it was clear that the people began to wonder that he didn't come out till then. It must have been a marvelous sight to see him come out and make signs to communicate. But, he did finish all the service before going home. In due time, John was born. And, when, after John's birth, Zacharias confessed through writing on a slate that the boy will be called John, his lips were opened and he began praising God.

ZACHARIAS' THREE FAITH-UTTERANCES
1. ""Blessed is the Lord God of Israel, For He has visited and redeemed His people..." He confessed what God had already done: He has visited and redeemed. He didn't say "He will redeem: but, "He has visited and redeemed." If God is with us, then heaven is here. What God will do is what God has already done.
2. And has raised up a horn of salvation for us In the house of His servant David, As He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets, Who have been since the world began (Luk 1:69-70). He confessed what God was doing, in connection with His covenant. Zacharias confessed that "God remembers". His very name meant "YHWH remembers".. Elizabeth's name meant "God's Oath". God acts with people through His Covenants and His Covenants are perfect and absolute. Delay doesn't mean that God has deserted us. He remembers His Covenant and absolutely knows what to do with our lives. Today, we have the New Covenant of Jesus. If God was so serious to remember the Covenants of the Old Testament, how much more will he not remember us in His Son, Jesus Christ today.
3. Then we see that Zacharias prophesies about his child, John. He speaks very positive words, filled with the Holy Spirit. His words were words of faith, not of doubt. What words of blessing do we speak to our children? To the people of the next generation? Do we speak words of faith into their lives. Remember that Zacharias and Elizabeth too had their responsibility: "he will be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink." (1:15). Their responsibility towards this child was great. But, Zacharias knew the purpose why John was being born in this world, and he also knew what words to speak about him.

Zacharias not only experienced divine favor in an old age, he experienced a special favor of being the father of a child who was going to be called the greatest of all prophets born till then (Luke 7:28). When God answers a prayer, He usually will give you more than you can ask. But, is your heart blameless before God? That is the question. Let's commit to total obedience and faithfulness to Him!
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He will be called Wonderful (Isaiah 9:6)

"He will be called Wonderful" (Isaiah 9:6)

1. His NAME is Wonderful (Judges 13:18)
2. His WORKS are Wonderful (Psalm 111:2-4)
3. His WORDS are Wonderful (Psalm 119:129)
4. He HIMSELF is Wonderful (Isaiah 28:29)
He is Wonderful in Wisdom and Counsel



उसका नाम अद्भुत...रखा जाएगा (यशायाह 9:6)
1. उसका नाम अद्भुत है (न्‍यायियों 13:18)
2. उसके काम अद्भुत है (भजन 111:2-4)
3. उसके वचन अद्भुत है (भजन 119:129)
4. वह स्‍वयं अद्भुत है (यशायाह 28:29)
वह बुद्धि और युक्ति में अद्भुत है।
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Chupke Chupke - Samir Tiruwa (Hindi Christian Song)

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The Crime of Silence (if he does not tell it, he bears guilt, Leviticus 5:1)

If a person sins in hearing the utterance of an oath, and is a witness, whether he has seen or known of the matter; if he does not tell it, he bears guilt. (NKJV)
If a person sins because he does not speak up when he hears a public charge to testify regarding something he has seen or learned about, he will be held responsible. (NIV)If you sin by not stepping up and offering yourself as a witness to something you've heard or seen in cases of wrongdoing, you'll be held responsible. (MSG)


A popular quote, usually attributed to Edmund Burke rightly or wrongly, says "The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing." In the same vein, Albert Einstein is quoted as saying, "The world is a dangerous place to live, not because of the people who are evil, but because of the people who don't do anything about it."

While the right to silence is a right that citizens have in order to guard against false self-incrimination, a witness of a crime who doesn't stand up to oppose a crime or testify against it is held as an accomplice in the crime.

A blog entry on October 29, 2009 on CNN.COM asked the question: "Should people who witness a crime face jail for failing to report it?" The writer, Jack Cafferty, referred to a case in which a 15 year old girl was gangraped in the presence of around 10 onlookers who did nothing to save her from the two-and-half hour assault that was going on. None of them even called 9-1-1 to report the crime. On the other hand, the Police reported that some witnesses took photos while others laughed. There were other cases in which witnesses even refused to come forward to testify. The unwillingness of witnesses to report and/or come forward and witness against the perpetrators of such crime made such cases maddeningly wicked. Cafferty reports:
California law makes it illegal not to report a crime against a child, but the cutoff is 14-years-old. Since the victim in this case is 15, cops say they can't arrest the spectators. The law needs to be changed immediately.

Meanwhile this horrific rape of a young girl follows that brutal beating death caught on video of a 16-year-old honor student in Chicago.

That case has been hampered by the refusal of witnesses to come forward. These kids in Chicago also stood by and watched this teenager murdered - beaten to death in broad daylight - and did nothing.

Experts say the reason crimes aren't reported could be a social phenomenon known as "the bystander effect" that means the larger the number of people involved in any situation, the less will get done...

One famous case happened in New York in the 1960s - where people watched or heard a serial killer rape, rob and murder a woman named Kitty Genovese. At the time, one witness said: "I didn't want to be involved.

To Cafferty's question: "Should people who witness a crime, like the gang rape of a 15-year-old California girl, face jail for failing to report it?" one former Judge, Joe, replied: "I am a retired judge. If I had these people in my courtroom, I would charge them with aiding and abetting the crime and deal with them accordingly."

The Bible calls inaction against crime as sin, even if it were a simple failure to witness. The earthly law courts are greatly dependent on witnesses and evidence for the administration of proper justice. Eyewitnesses play an important role in the determinations of a case. However, the Bible makes it clear "whether he has seen or known of the matter", one must report. Failure to report or testify against crime is abetting of injustice. Such a person has become judicially dysfunctional and is like an organ of the body that has lost connection with the brain.

This also applies to the Church. In 1 Corinthians 1:11, Paul writes to the Corinthian Church saying "some from Chloe's household have informed me that there are quarrels among you." The whole letter was an answer to reports of what was going wrong in the Church. Obviously, some would try to label Chloe's family as being gossipers, whisperers, or talebearers; but, the Bible commends their action. Because, it is not talebearing to report a wrong matter to the head (Paul was their father, 1Cor. 4:15). If he doesn't know, there won't be correction; and if there was no correction, a little leaven, a little root of bitterness, one garment spotted by flesh would defile many.

Genesis 37:2 tells us that Joseph brought a bad report of his brothers to his father. Obviously, he was not very much liked by his brothers for doing that. But, to someone who's interested in justice, whether someone likes them or not matters very less. This didn't mean that Joseph was too self-righteous. It meant that he was a faithful son.

The Bible condemns false testimony as sin. However, it commands testifying to the truth as a responsible act in a politically just society.


Some Proverbs in Line
Proverbs 12:17 A truthful witness gives honest testimony, but a false witness tells lies.
Proverbs 14:5 A truthful witness does not deceive, but a false witness pours out lies.
Proverbs 14:25 A truthful witness saves lives, but a false witness is deceitful.
Proverbs 19:5 A false witness will not go unpunished, and he who pours out lies will not go free.
Proverbs 19:9 A false witness will not go unpunished, and he who pours out lies will perish.
Proverbs 19:28 A corrupt witness mocks at justice, and the mouth of the wicked gulps down evil.
Proverbs 21:28 A false witness will perish, and whoever listens to him will be destroyed forever.


Jo-Ann Tsang, "Moral Rationalization and the Integration of Situational Factors and
Psychological Processes in Immoral Behavior", Review of General Psychology, 2002, Vol. 6, No. 1, 25–50
The Inaction of Others.The reactions of victims, bystanders, and other perpetrators in a given situation can also affect one’s perception of moral relevance. For example, if victims do not protest harm done to them, the actor might assume that the victims are willing to be harmed or that his or her behavior is not even harmful. In contrast, cries of injustice or protest from victims can make moral principles salient to the perpetrators, curbing their immoral actions (Staub, 1989). Bystander inaction can also work to keep moral principles from being salient. Latane´ and Darley’s (1970) concept of pluralistic ignorance asserts that the inaction of bystanders can prevent others from perceiving an emergency. This inaction could also work to prevent people from perceiving moral relevance in a situation. In turn, bystander protest in the face of immoral action can serve to bring moral principles to the fore (Staub, 1989). Finally, when perpetrators are seen to commit crimes without apparent remorse, they serve as models, teaching people that these acts are acceptable. Other potential actors then accept the morality of the perpetrator’s action without question. In contrast, if a perpetrator is seen as remorseful or as suffering punishment as a result of the immoral action, others might be more likely to realize the relevance of morality in the situation. In this way, the actions of other people in the situation can affect the salience of moral principles.

Last Updated on Dec 6, 2014
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Theology of Clothing: Discussion Points & Questions (Notes)

Clothing in historyIn the beginning the man and his wife were naked, but not ashamed.
  • Shame & dishonor are terms contingent to the world of sin
  • Where there is sin there is the sense of shame & dishonor
When the man and his wife sinned, they acquired the sense of fear and shame; and, found the remedy in clothes of fig leaves to cover their nakedness
  • Nakedness is contingent on sight and the sense related to it. It is not merely sexual (for the woman and man wouldn’t feel ashamed of each other with regard to that)
  • Clothing is not just a symbol; it is a remedy… it is a basic need.
  • Physically it covers against the antagonistic physical forces.
  • Psychologically it remedies shame by hiding nakedness.
  • Nakedness needs to be hid because man has become a private being.
  • Nakedness relates to the organs primarily associated with sexuality.
  • “Culture” (concepts and customs) play important rule in defining “nakedness” and “shame”
  • “Cover” indicates the need for privatization of sexuality in a world that has grown adverse. It symbolizes the first instance of alienation and threat of privacy and dehumanization by bestial humans. “Uncovering” is only permitted where mutual self-giving has occurred through a nuptial covenant. To “uncover” would mean to bare the private areas; to “know” would mean to experience the privacy of the other through union. These are terms conditioned by the culture of shame.
  • The sense of “nakedness” is not a solitary and subjective sense. It is a generic human sense. It is a sense and a feeling (quite unrelated to the original fact of nakedness without shame). It is a social sense. It is the sense of knowing original sin; that “all have sinned”. The sense of “nakedness” will not exist in solitariness or before those who do not have the “knowledge of good or evil” (e.g. children).. unless the self has been unnaturally deformed by sin. Nakedness and fear of moral evil are related. Adam’s fear involved distrust of and alienation from God.
  • This “original nakedness” (as a sense not as a fact) would be impossible to be broken. Thus, all offspring, henceforth, though born in a state of innocence, will soon be covered by the culture of shame and honor; for the moment, they have the insight into their own sexuality, they’ll see the need for cover.

Q. Did God appear to them clothed?
  • Mark of Sin-clothing: Fails to Cover the Private Parts (Highlights them). Is Shameless.
  • Mark of Righteous Clothing: Covers Well. Symbol of Honor. (later history, Ring, Crown, Veil…).
God provided for the man and his wife, clothes of skin to cover their nakedness.

  • Animals might have been killed since then to cover the nakedness of man.
  • God is not against the sense of shame & honor, which are the senses of a rightly functioning conscience.
  • God provides clothing in the world of sin (cf. Matthew 6).

Clothing plays an important role in divine communication with man.
  • Heaven and angels do not appear without a covering of some kind. Why? What kind of clothing is that? Glory? Raiment?
  • God specifies the clothing for the priests and His covenant people.
  • Symbols relate to things that are known and mediate to convey things yet unknown (Angels using swords, for instance; what would angels appear wearing today?)

God institutes the Veil in Worship
  • The Veil that separates the people from the Holy Place
  • The Veil that separates all from the Most Holy Place
  • Nakedness must not be exposed.
  • Man must not approach except in proper covering: Clothes, Animal Blood.

God ordains the tearing of the Veil.
  • It is not the removal of the veil; but the piercing through it.
  • The Veil was pierced through the Flesh of Christ.
  • The Temple Veil was torn.
  • Where the Spirit of the Lord is there is freedom and we can behold Him face to face with unveiled faces.
  • We are the Most Holy Place of God.

Paul instructs headcovering for woman, and removal of headcovering for man during worship
  • The New Covenant hasn’t done away with the Original Shame. Man still needs the covering of his nakedness; between humans. His spiritual nakedness, however, is done away before God. He’s clothed with Christ. But, the generic sense of human sinfulness and nakedness still exists. The symbol of clothing is not removed even in the visions of heaven in Revelation.
  • Shame and Honor are often gender relative (what is shame for man (e.g. long hair) is honor for woman).

Questions for Discussion:
  1. How can nature (physis) teach about shame and honor; that long hair for man is dishonor while long hair for woman is honor?
  2. Is such specification absolute (natural) or just relative?

Further Points:
  • Noah’s loss of sense due to drunkenness, his nakedness, and the curse of Ham
  • The veil of Rebekah
  • The veil of Tamar
  • Ruth’s uncovering of Boaz’s feet
  • The mantle of Elijah
  • The concept of “Cover” in both Covenant and Clothing: Tabernacle and Society.
  • The man who fled naked in Gathsamane
  • The robe of Jesus that was cast lot upon

© Domenic Marbaniang, 2012
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7 Epistemological Approaches

1. Informative (Revelational)
2. Inductive (Empirical)
3. Indefinitive (Skeptical)
4. Interpretive (Hermeneutical)
5. Integrative (Synthetical)
6. Inferential (Rational)
7. Intuitive (Mystical)

© Domenic Marbaniang, 2000, 2012.
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Christian Ethics in Family and Society

TO PARENTS
A. Encourage your child (Colossians 3:21)

Don’t let them feel discouraged, sullen, inferior, or frustrated.
Give gifts (Luke 11:11-13), Forgive, don’t dig the past (Luke 15:22)
B. Discipline him/her while he is young (Proverbs 19:18; Hebrews 12:10)
C. Nurture him/her in the Lord (Ephesians 6:4)
1. In the training (Proverbs 22:6, Catechize, 2Timothy 3:15)
2. Discipline (Proverbs 13:24; 22:15; 19:18; 23:13,14; 29:15,17)
3. Counsel
4. Admonition

D. Do not Irritate your child (Colossians 3:21; Ephesians 6:4)
1. Do not provoke to anger
2. Do not exasperate him/her to resentment
3. Do not fret
4. Do not be hard on them or harass them
5. Do not break their spirit

E. Provide for one’s home (1Timothy 5:8; Proverbs 31:21,22,24,27).

TO CHILDREN
A. Obey your parents in all things. Make it a lifestyle to obey. For this is well pleasing unto the Lord (Colossians 3:20).
B. Obey your parents in the Lord. (Ephesians 6:1). For this is right.
C. Honor them (Ephesians 6:2,3). That it may be well with you, and that you may live long.
D. Serve them (1Timothy 5:4).
The wrath of God descends on the disobedient (Romans 1:30,32)

TO MARRIED COUPLES
A. In Union (Together) (Genesis 2:24; Matthew 19:4-6; 1Corinthians 7:5,10)
1. Mutual Love (1Corinthians 7:3, Conjugal rights, goodwill, kindness, etc)
2. Mutual Self-Giving/Submit to Authority of Other (1Corinthians 7:4)
3. Mutual Consent (1Corinthians 7:5. In submission to the Lord. Not like Ananias and Sapphira as in Acts 5, but like the Shunammite couple in 2Kings 4:9)

B. Duties of Husbands
1. Be the Head of your wife (Ephesians 5:23; 1Corinthians 11:3. Leadership, decision-making)
2. Make Christ your Head (1Corinthians 11:3)
3. Follow Christ’s Example (Christ’s love for the Church)

a. Love (Ephesians 5:25,28,33; Colossians 3:19)
b. Nourish, protect, and cherish her (Ephesians 5:29)
c. Honor her with great respect (1Peter 3:7)
C. Duties of Wives
1. Be Body/helpmeet for him (Genesis 2:20)
Accept his headship/rulership (Genesis 3:16; Ephesians 5:22)
Be bound to him till he dies (Romans 7:2)
2. Desire for him alone (Genesis 3:16)
3. Learn from husband (1Corinthians 14:35)
4. Be subject to husband as to the Lord (Ephesians 5:22,24)

a. Submission in obedience (Titus 2:5; 1Peter 3:1)
b. Adaptation
5. Revere husband (Ephesians 5:33)
a. Notice him (pay attention, have concern)
b. Regard him
c. Honor him
d. Prefer him
e. Venerate, esteem him (think highly of, value greatly)
f. Defer to him (submission)
g. Praise him
h. Love and admire him exceedingly
6. Be sober, wise (Titus 2:4; Proverbs 31:26,30)
7. Be trustworthy (Proverbs 31:11,12)
8. Be self-controlled (Titus 2:5)
9. Be chaste (Titus 2:5; Proverbs 31:10,25,11; 1Peter 3:2)
10. Be homemakers (Proverbs 31:28,29, 15,16,18,21)
11. Be good natured, kindhearted (Proverbs 31:12)
12. Be hardworking (Proverbs 31:12-30). Not be idle (1Timothy 5:13)
13. Be meek and quiet (1Peter 3:4-6). Not nagging (Proverbs 21:19, 9; 19:13; 27:15)


TO FELLOW CHRISTIANS
1. Prayer (Colossians 4:12; Acts 12:5; James 5:15)
2. Love (Romans 12:10)
3. Honor (Romans 12:10)
4. Help, Assistance, Aid (Romans 12:13; 1Corinthians 16:1; Galatians 6:6)
5. Hospitality (Romans 12:13; 1Timothy 3:2)
6. Sympathy (Romans 12:15; Galatians 6:2; Romans 15:1-7)
7. Humility (Romans 12:16)
8. Goodness (Romans 12:17)
9. Honest (Romans 12:17; 1Corinthians 8:21; Truthfulness, Ephesians 4:25,15)
10. Edifying words (Ephesians 4:29)
11. Restoration (Galatians 6:1,2)
12. Exhortation (2Timothy 4:2)
13. Mutual Subjection (1Peter 5:5)
14. Forbearing (Colossians 3:13)
15. Forgiving (Colossians 3:13)


TO SERVANTS
1. Honor master, boss. (1Timothy 6:1,2)
2. Obey (Ephesians 6:5, 6-8; Colossians 3:23-25)

a. With fear
b. Single-heartedly
c. As unto Christ
d. Not as men-pleasers
e. But as Christ’s servants
f. Doing God’s will
3. Don’t answer back (Titus 2:9)
4. Faithful (Titus 2:10)
5. Subjection (1Peter 2:18-20)


TO MASTERS (BOSSES)
1. Do not threaten (Ephesians 6:9)
Don’t be violent. Don’t use abusive words
2. Be just and fair (Colossians 4:1)
Do not exploit. Give the right wages. Be merciful. Treat them with respect.


TOWARDS THE WORLD IN GENERAL
1. Intercede for them (1Timothy 2:1-4; Isaiah 12:23)
2. Honor (1Peter 2:17)
3. Be honest (Romans 12:17)
4. Speak edifying words (Ephesians 4:29)
5. Witness (1Thessalonians 2:4; 1Peter 3:1-5; Philippians 1:13; Matthew 5:14; Philippians 2:15)
6. Follow the Golden rule (Matthew 7:12)
7. Keep no debts but love (Romans 13:7-8)


TOWARDS AUTHORITIES
1. Honor them (Romans 13:7)
2. Be subject to them (Romans 13:1; 1Peter 2:13-16)
3. Pray/Intercede for them (1Timothy 2:2-4)
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BIBLICAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR A GODLY CONDUCT IN FAMILY & SOCIETY


TO PARENTS

African_Family (wikipedia)

A. Encourage your child (Colossians 3:21)

Don’t let them feel discouraged, sullen, inferior, or frustrated.
Give gifts (Luke 11:11-13), Forgive, don’t dig the past (Luke 15:22)
B. Discipline him/her while he is young (Proverbs 19:18; Hebrews 12:10)
C. Nurture him/her in the Lord (Ephesians 6:4)
1. In the training (Proverbs 22:6, Catechize, 2Timothy 3:15)
2. Discipline (Proverbs 13:24; 22:15; 19:18; 23:13,14; 29:15,17)
3. Counsel
4. Admonition

D. Do not Irritate your child (Colossians 3:21; Ephesians 6:4)
1. Do not provoke to anger
2. Do not exasperate him/her to resentment
3. Do not fret
4. Do not be hard on them or harass them
5. Do not break their spirit

E. Provide for one’s home (1Timothy 5:8; Proverbs 31:21,22,24,27).

TO CHILDREN
A. Obey your parents in all things. Make it a lifestyle to obey. For this is well pleasing unto the Lord (Colossians 3:20).
B. Obey your parents in the Lord. (Ephesians 6:1). For this is right.
C. Honor them (Ephesians 6:2,3). That it may be well with you, and that you may live long.
D. Serve them (1Timothy 5:4).
The wrath of God descends on the disobedient (Romans 1:30,32)

TO MARRIED COUPLES
A. In Union (Together) (Genesis 2:24; Matthew 19:4-6; 1Corinthians 7:5,10)
1. Mutual Love (1Corinthians 7:3, Conjugal rights, goodwill, kindness, etc)
2. Mutual Self-Giving/Submit to Authority of Other (1Corinthians 7:4)
3. Mutual Consent (1Corinthians 7:5. In submission to the Lord. Not like Ananias and Sapphira as in Acts 5, but like the Shunammite couple in 2Kings 4:9)

B. Duties of Husbands
1. Be the Head of your wife (Ephesians 5:23; 1Corinthians 11:3. Leadership, decision-making)
2. Make Christ your Head (1Corinthians 11:3)
3. Follow Christ’s Example (Christ’s love for the Church)

a. Love (Ephesians 5:25,28,33; Colossians 3:19)
b. Nourish, protect, and cherish her (Ephesians 5:29)
c. Honor her with great respect (1Peter 3:7)
C. Duties of Wives
1. Be Body/helpmeet for him (Genesis 2:20)
Accept his headship/rulership (Genesis 3:16; Ephesians 5:22)
Be bound to him till he dies (Romans 7:2)
2. Desire for him alone (Genesis 3:16)
3. Learn from husband (1Corinthians 14:35)
4. Be subject to husband as to the Lord (Ephesians 5:22,24)

a. Submission in obedience (Titus 2:5; 1Peter 3:1)
b. Adaptation
5. Revere husband (Ephesians 5:33)
a. Notice him (pay attention, have concern)
b. Regard him
c. Honor him
d. Prefer him
e. Venerate, esteem him (think highly of, value greatly)
f. Defer to him (submission)
g. Praise him
h. Love and admire him exceedingly
6. Be sober, wise (Titus 2:4; Proverbs 31:26,30)
7. Be trustworthy (Proverbs 31:11,12)
8. Be self-controlled (Titus 2:5)
9. Be chaste (Titus 2:5; Proverbs 31:10,25,11; 1Peter 3:2)
10. Be homemakers (Proverbs 31:28,29, 15,16,18,21)
11. Be good natured, kindhearted (Proverbs 31:12)
12. Be hardworking (Proverbs 31:12-30). Not be idle (1Timothy 5:13)
13. Be meek and quiet (1Peter 3:4-6). Not nagging (Proverbs 21:19, 9; 19:13; 27:15)


TO FELLOW CHRISTIANS
1. Prayer (Colossians 4:12; Acts 12:5; James 5:15)
2. Love (Romans 12:10)
3. Honor (Romans 12:10)
4. Help, Assistance, Aid (Romans 12:13; 1Corinthians 16:1; Galatians 6:6)
5. Hospitality (Romans 12:13; 1Timothy 3:2)
6. Sympathy (Romans 12:15; Galatians 6:2; Romans 15:1-7)
7. Humility (Romans 12:16)
8. Goodness (Romans 12:17)
9. Honest (Romans 12:17; 1Corinthians 8:21; Truthfulness, Ephesians 4:25,15)
10. Edifying words (Ephesians 4:29)
11. Restoration (Galatians 6:1,2)
12. Exhortation (2Timothy 4:2)
13. Mutual Subjection (1Peter 5:5)
14. Forbearing (Colossians 3:13)
15. Forgiving (Colossians 3:13)


TO SERVANTS
1. Honor master, boss. (1Timothy 6:1,2)
2. Obey (Ephesians 6:5, 6-8; Colossians 3:23-25)

a. With fear
b. Single-heartedly
c. As unto Christ
d. Not as men-pleasers
e. But as Christ’s servants
f. Doing God’s will
3. Don’t answer back (Titus 2:9)
4. Faithful (Titus 2:10)
5. Subjection (1Peter 2:18-20)


TO MASTERS (BOSSES)
1. Do not threaten (Ephesians 6:9)
Don’t be violent. Don’t use abusive words
2. Be just and fair (Colossians 4:1)
Do not exploit. Give the right wages. Be merciful. Treat them with respect.


TOWARDS THE WORLD IN GENERAL
1. Intercede for them (1Timothy 2:1-4; Isaiah 12:23)
2. Honor (1Peter 2:17)
3. Be honest (Romans 12:17)
4. Speak edifying words (Ephesians 4:29)
5. Witness (1Thessalonians 2:4; 1Peter 3:1-5; Philippians 1:13; Matthew 5:14; Philippians 2:15)
6. Follow the Golden rule (Matthew 7:12)
7. Keep no debts but love (Romans 13:7-8)


TOWARDS AUTHORITIES
1. Honor them (Romans 13:7)
2. Be subject to them (Romans 13:1; 1Peter 2:13-16)
3. Pray/Intercede for them (1Timothy 2:2-4)


______x______
मसीही आचार संहिता

परिवार में

माता-पिता के लिए निर्देश
1. अपने बच्‍चे को प्रोत्‍साहित करें
हे बच्चेवालों, अपने बालकों को तंग न करो, न हो कि उन का साहस टूट जाए। (कुलु 3:21)
उनके साहस को न तोडें। उन्‍हें उदास, हताश, चिडचिडा, छोटा, नीचा, या घटिया मेहसूस होने न दें।
उन्‍हें अच्‍छी अच्‍छी वस्तुऐं दें, जैसा हमारा पिता परमेश्‍वर भी हमें प्रेम से सारी वस्‍तुऐं देता है। (लूका 11:11-13)
2. जब बच्‍चे जवान है तभी उन्‍हें अनुशासन सिखादें ।
जबतक आशा है तो अपने पुत्र को ताड़ना कर, जान बूझकर उसका मार न डाल। (नीति 19:18)। अनुशासन की शिक्षा देना प्रेम की ही निशानी है। ( इब्रा 12: 6:10)
3. प्रभु की शिक्षा, और चितावनी देते हुए, उन का पालन- पोषण करो।
और हे बच्चेवालों अपने बच्चों को रिस न दिलाओ परन्तु प्रभु की शिक्षा, और चितावनी देते हुए, उन का पालन- पोषण करो।। (इफि 6:4)
- उन्‍हें शिक्षा दें
लड़के को शिक्षा उसी मार्ग की दे जिस में उसको चलना चाहिये, और वह बुढ़ापे में भी उस से न हटेगा। (नीति 22:6)
और बालकपन से पवित्र शास्त्रा तेरा जाना हुआ है, जो तुझे मसीह पर विश्वास करने से उद्धार प्राप्त करने के लिये बुद्धिमान बना सकता है। (2तिम 3:15)
- उन्‍हें अनुशासन में रखें
जो बेटे पर छड़ी नहीं चलाता वह उसका बैरी है, परन्तु जो उस से प्रेम रखता, वह यत्न से उसको शिक्षा देता है। (नीति 13:24)
लड़के के मन में मूढ़त बन्धी रहती है, परन्तु छड़ी की ताड़ना के द्वारा वह उस से दूर की जाती है। (नीति 22:15)
लड़के की ताड़ना न छोड़ना; क्योंकि यदि तू उसका छड़ी से मारे, तो वह न मरेगा। तू उसका छड़ी से मारकर उसका प्राण अधोलोक से बचाएगा। (नीति 23:13)
छड़ी और डांट से बुद्धि प्राप्त होती है, परन्तु जो लड़का योंही छोड़ा जाता है वह अपनी माता की लज्जा का कारण होता है। (नीति 29:15)
अपने घर का अच्छा प्रबन्ध करता हो, और लड़के- बालों को सारी गम्भीरता से आधीन रखता हो। (जब कोई अपने घर ही का प्रबन्ध करना न जानता हो, तो परमेश्वर की कलीसिया की रखवाली क्योंकर करेगा)। (1तिम 3:4-5)
4. बच्‍चों को तंग न करें, उन्‍हे रिस न दिलाये, न उनके साहस को तोडें (कुलु 3:21, इफि 6:4)
5. अपने घर के लिए प्रबंध करें
पर यदि कोई अपनों की और निज करके अपने घराने की चिन्ता न करे, तो वह विश्वास से मुकर गया है, और अविश्वासी से भी बुरा बन गया है। (1तिम 5:8)
वह अपने घराने के चालचलन को ध्यान से देखती है, और अपनी रोटी बिना परिश्रम नहीं खाती। (नीति 31:27)

बच्‍चों के लिए निर्देश
1. सब बातों में अपने अपने माता- पिता की आज्ञा का पालन करो, क्योंकि प्रभु इस से प्रसन्न होता है।(कुलु 3:20)
2. प्रभु में अपने माता पिता के आज्ञाकारी बनो, क्योंकि यह उचित है।(कुलु 6:1)
3. अपनी माता और पिता का आदर करें ताकि तुमहारा भला हो, और तुम धरती पर बहुत दिन जीवित रहों। (इफि‍ 6:2-3)
4. उनकी सेवा करें। अपने माता- पिता आदि को उन का हक देना सीखें, क्योंकि यह परमेश्वर को भाता है। (1तिम 5:4)
माता पिता की आज्ञा न माननेवालों पर परमेश्‍वर का कोप उतरता है (रोम 1:30,32)

विवाहित दम्‍पतियों के लिए निर्देश
1. दोनों एक तन के समान एक रहें।
इस कारण पुरूष अपने माता पिता को छोड़कर अपनी पत्नी से मिला रहेगा और वे एक तन बनें रहेंगे। (उत्‍प 2:24)। इसका यह मतलब भी है कि माता पिता या सांस ससुर दम्‍पति की एकता में हस्‍तक्षेप न करें।
2. वे एक दूसरे से अलग न हो। वि‍वाह के वाचा के प्रति‍ वि‍श्‍वासयोग्‍य रहें।
तुम में से कोई अपनेी जवानी की स्त्री से विश्वासघात न करे। क्योंकि इस्राएल का परमेश्वर यहोवा यह कहता है, कि मैं स्त्री- त्याग से घृणा करता हूं (मलाकी 2:15, 16)
सो व अब दो नहीं, परन्तु एक तन हैं: इसलिये जिसे परमेश्वर ने जोड़ा है, उसे मनुष्य अलग न करे।
तुम एक दूसरे से अलग न रहो; परन्तु केवल कुछ समय तक आपस की सम्मति से कि प्रार्थना के लिये अवकाश मिले, और फिर एक साथ रहो, ऐसा न हो, कि तुम्हारे असंयम के कारण शैतान तुम्हें परखे। (1कुरु 7:5)
3. वे एक दूसरे का हक पूरा करें।
पति अपनी पत्नी का हक्क पूरा करे; और वैसे ही पत्नी भी अपने पति का। (1कुरु 7:3)
4. वे एक दूसरे के आधीन रहें।
पत्नी को अपनी देह पर अधिकार नहीं पर उसके पति का अधिकार है; वैसे ही पति को भी अपनी देह पर अधिकार नहीं, परन्तु पत्नी को। (1कुरु 7:4)
और मसीह के भय से एक दूसरे के आधीन रहो।। (इफि 5:21)
5. वे आपसी सम्‍मति से और परमेश्‍वर की इच्‍छा की समझ के साथ सब कुछ करें। (1कुरु 7:5)
6. विवाह के सम्‍बन्‍ध को पवित्र बनाए रखें।
विवाह सब में आदर की बात समझी जाए, और बिछौना निष्कलंक रहे; क्योंकि परमेश्वर व्यभिचारियों, और परस्त्रीगामियों का न्याय करेगा। (इब्रा 13: 4)

पतियों के लिए निर्देश
1. अपनी पत्‍नी का सिर अथवा मुखिया और स्‍वामी वह हो।
पति पत्नी का सिर है जैसे कि मसीह कलीसिया का सिर है (इफि 5:23)
जैसे सारा इब्राहीम की आज्ञा में रहती और उसे स्वामी कहती थी (1पत 3:6)
2. मसीह को अपना सिर अथवा मुखिया और स्‍वामी जानें।
हर एक पुरूष का सिर मसीह है: और स्त्री का सिर पुरूष है: और मसीह का सिर परमेश्वर है। (1कुरु 11:3)
3. जिस प्रकार मसीह कलीसिया से प्रेम करता है वैसे ही पति भी अपनी पत्‍नी से प्रेम करें।
हे पतियों, अपनी अपनी पत्नी से प्रेम रखो, जैसा मसीह ने भी कलीसिया से प्रेम करके अपने आप को उसके लिये दे दिया। (इफि 5 :25)
इसी प्रकार उचित है, कि पति अपनी अपनी पत्नी से प्रेम रखता है, वह अपने आप से प्रेम रखता है। क्योंकि किसी ने कभी अपने शरीर से बैर नहीं रखा बरन उसका पालन- पोषण करता है, जैसा मसीह भी कलीसिया के साथ करता है इसलिये कि हम उस की देह के अंग हैं। (इफि 5 :28-30)
हे पतियो, अपनी अपनी पत्नी से प्रेम रखो, और उन से कठोरता न करो। (कुलु 3:19)
4. अपनी पत्‍नी का आदर करें।
हे पतियों, तुम भी बुद्धिमानी से पत्नियों के साथ जीवन निर्वाह करो और स्त्री को निर्बल पात्रा जानकर उसका आदर करो, यह समझकर कि हम दोनों जीवन के वरदान के वारिस हैं, जिस से तुम्हारी प्रार्थनाएं रूक न जाएं।। (1 पत 3:7)

पत्नियों के लिए निर्देश
1. अपने पति के लिए एक ऐसा सहायक बनें जो उस से मेल खाए। (उत्‍प 2:18)
2. अपने पति के ऐसे आधीन रहें जैसे प्रभु के। (इफि 5:22)
पर जैसे कलीसिया मसीह के आधीन है, वैसे ही पत्नियां भी हर बात में अपने अपने पति के आधीन रहें। (इफि 5:24)
3. अपने पति के जीते जी उस से बन्‍धी रहें।
क्योंकि विवाहिता स्त्री व्यवस्था के अनुसार अपने पति के जीते जी उस से बन्धी है। (रोम 7:2)
यदि पति के जीते जी वह किसी दूसरे पुरूष की हो जाए, तो व्यभिचारिणी कहलाएगी (रोम 7 :3)
4. संयमी हो। (तीतुस 2:5)
5. वह पतिव्रता हो। (तीतुस 2:5)
6. वह घर का कारबार करनेवाली हो। (तीतुस 2:5)
7. वह भली स्‍वभाव की हो।
वह अपने जीवन के सारे दिनों में उस से बुरा नहीं, वरन भला ही व्यवहार करती है। (नीति 31:12)
और संयमी, पतिव्रता, घर का कारबार करनेवाली, भली और अपने अपने पति के आधीन रहनेवाली हों, ताकि परमेश्वर के वचन की निन्दा न होने पाए। (तीतुस 2:5) इसलिये कि यदि इन में से कोई ऐसे हो जो वचन को न मानते हों, तौभी तुम्हारे भय सहित पवित्र चालचलन को देखकर बिना वचन के अपनी अपनी पत्नी के चालचलन के द्वारा खिंच जाएं। (1पत 3:2)
8. बुद्धिमान हो।
हर बुद्धिमान स्त्री अपने घर को बनाती है, पर मूढ़ स्त्री उसको अपने ही हाथों से ढा देती है। (नीति 14:1)
वह बुद्धि की बात बोलती है, और उसके वचन कृपा की शिक्षा के अनुसार होते हैं। (नीति 31:26)
9 . पति का भय मानने वाली हो।
पत्नी भी अपने पति का भय माने। (इफि 5:33)
10. अपने पतियों और बच्चों से प्रीति रखें। (तीतुस 2:4)
11. अपने पति की ओर ही लालसा हो। (उत्‍प 3:16)
12. अपने पति से सीखें ।
यदि वे कुछ सीखना चाहें, तो घर में अपने अपने पति से पूछें (1कुरु 14:35)
13 . परिश्रमी हो (नीति 31:12-30)।
- घर घर फिरकर आलसी रहने वाली न हो।
ऐसे मूढ़ स्त्रियों के समान न हो जो- घर घर फिरकर आलसी होना सीखती है, और केवल आलसी नहीं, पर बकबक करती रहती और औरों के काम में हाथ भी डालती हैं और अनुचित बातें बोलती हैं। (1तिम 5:13)
14. शान्‍त स्‍वभाव के हो।
बरन तुम्हारा छिपा हुआ और गुप्त मनुष्यत्व, नम्रता और मन की दीनता की अविनाशी सजावट से सुसज्जित रहे, क्योंकि परमेश्वर की दृष्टि में इसका मूल्य बड़ा है। (1पत 3:4)
झगड़ालू और चिढ़नेवाली पत्नी के संग रहने से जंगल में रहना उत्तम है। (नीति 21:19)
स्त्री को चुपचाप पूरी आधीनता में सीखना चाहिए। (1तिम 2:11)
15. दिखावटी सिंगार करने वाली न हो।
और तुम्हारा सिंगार, दिखावटी न हो, अर्थात् बाल गूंथने, और सोने के गहने, या भांति भांति के कपड़े पहिनना। (1पत 3:3)
वैसे ही स्त्रियां भी संकोच और संयम के साथ सुहावने वस्त्रों से अपने आप को संवारे; न कि बाल गूंथने, और सोने, और मोतियों, और बहुमोल कपड़ों से, पर भले कामों से। क्योंकि परमेश्वर की भक्ति ग्रहण करनेवाली स्त्रियों को यही उचित भी है। (1तिम 2:9-10)
16 . घर में किसको स्‍वागत करना और किसको नही, इस बात का समझ रखने वाली हो। यह इसलिए क्‍योंकि संसार में कई ऐसे झुठे शिक्षक और अपने आप को परमेश्‍वर के सेवक बताने वाले भेडियां है जो कलीसिया को तोडने के लिए घर घर को भडकानें की कोशीश करते है।
इन्हीं में से वे लोग हैं, जो घरों में दबे पांव घुस आते हैं और छिछौरी स्त्रियों को वश में कर लेते हैं, जो पापों से दबी और हर प्रकार की अभिलाषाओं के वश में हैं। और सदा सीखती तो रहती हैं पर सत्य की पहिचान तक कभी नहीं पहुंचतीं।
और जैसे यन्नेस और यम्ब्रेस ने मूसा का विरोध किया था वैसे ही ये भी सत्य का विरोध करते हैं: ये तो ऐसे मनुष्य हैं, जिन की बुद्धि भ्रष्ट हो गई है और वे विश्वास के विषय में निकम्मे हैं। (2‍ि तम 3:6-9)
यदि कोई तुम्हारे पास आए, और यही शिक्षा न दे, उसे न तो घर मे आने दो, और न नमस्कार करो। क्योंकि जो कोई ऐसे जन को नमस्कार करता है, वह उस के बुरे कामों में साझी होता है।। (2यूह 1:10,11)
17 . भरोसेमन्‍द और विश्‍वासयोग्‍य हो।
उसके पति के मन में उसके प्रति विश्वास है। (नीति 31:10)

कलीसिया में
विश्‍वासियों के लिए निर्देश
1. प्रार्थना में, शिक्षा में, और संगति में लगे रहे (प्रेरित 2:42; कुलु 4:12, प्रेरित 12:5, याकूब 5:15)
2. एक दूसरे से प्रेम रखें (रोम 12:10)
3. एक दूसरे का आदर करें (रोम 12:10)
4. एक दूसरे की मदद और सहायता करें (रोम 12:13; 1कुरु 16:1; गल 6:6)
5. पहनुाई और अतिथि सत्‍कार करने वाले हो (रोम 12:13; 1तिम 3:2)
6. एक दूसरे के दुखों को जानने वाले हो (रोम 12:15; गल 6:5; रोम 15:1-7)
7. नम्र हो (रोम 12:6)
8. भलाई करें (रोम 12:17)
9. उन्‍नति के वचन बालें (इफि 4:29)
10. एक दूसरे को संभालें (गल 6:1,2)
11. वफादार रहें (रोम 12:17; इफि 4:15, 25)
12. वचन द्वारा समझाने के लिए तत्‍पर रहें (2तिम 4:2)
13. एक दूसरे के आधीन रहें (1पत 5:5)
14. एक दूसरे के सहने वाले बनें (कुलु 3:13)
15. एक दूसरे को क्षमा करने वाले बनें (कुलु 3:13)


संसार में
नौकरी करने वालों के लिए
1. अपने मालिक का आदर करें (1तिम 6:1,2)
2. अपने मालिक के प्रति आज्ञाकारी रहें (इफि 6:5, 6-8; कुलु 3:23-25)
जो लोग शरीर के अनुसार तुम्हारे स्वामी हैं, अपने मन की सीधाई से डरते, और कांपते हुए, जैसे मसीह की, वैसे ही उन की भी आज्ञा मानो। और मनुष्यों को प्रसन्न करनेवालों की नाई दिखाने के लिये सेवा न करो, पर मसीह के दासों की नाई मन से परमेश्वर की इच्छा पर चलो। और उस सेवा को मनुष्यों की नहीं, परन्तु प्रभु की जानकर सुइच्छा से करो।
और जो कुछ तुम करते हो, तन मन से करो, यह समझकर कि मनुष्यों के लिये नहीं परन्तु प्रभु के लिये करते हो।
-भय के साथ
- एक मन से
- जैसी की मसीह क आज्ञाकारी है
- मनुष्‍यों को खुश करने के लिए नही
- लेकिन मसीह के सेवक होने के नाते
- परमेश्‍वर की इच्‍छा को पूरा करते हुए
अर्थात, यदी कोई बात वचन के विरुद्ध है तो उसे न करें (घूस, रिश्‍वत, भ्रष्‍टाचार से दूर रहें)
2. उलटकर जवाब न दें।
अपने अपने स्वामी के आधीन रहें, और सब बातों में उन्हें प्रसन्न रखें, और उलटकर जवाब न दें। (तीतुस 2:9)
3. विश्‍वासयोग्‍य रहें ।
चोरी चालाकी न करें; पर सब प्रकार से पूरे विश्वासी निकलें, कि वे सब बातों में हमारे उद्धारकर्ता परमेश्वर के उपदेश की शोभा दें। (तीतुस 2:10)
4. आधीन रहें।
हे सेवकों, हर प्रकार के भय के साथ अपने स्वामियों के आधीन रहो, न केवल भलों और नम्रों के, पर कुटिलों के भी। क्योंकि यदि कोई परमेश्वर का विचार करके अन्याय से दुख उठाता हुआ क्लेश सहता है, तो यह सुहावना है। क्योंकि यदि तुम ने अपराध करके घूसे खाए और धीरज धरा, तो उस में क्या बड़ाई की बात है? पर यदि भला काम करके दुख उठाते हो और धीरज धरते हो, तो यह परमेश्वर को भाता है। (1पत 2:18-20)

स्‍वामियों के लिए निर्देश
1. धमकियां न दें। गाली गलौच न करें।
हे स्वामियों, तुम भी धमकियां छोड़कर उन के साथ वैसा ही व्यवहार करो, क्योंकि जानते हो, कि उन का और तुम्हारा दानों का स्वामी स्वर्ग में है, और वह किसी का पक्ष नहीं करता।। (इफि 6:9)
2. न्‍याय और ठीक ठीक व्‍यवहार करें। उनके मजदूरी या वेतन में अन्‍याय न करें। उनका शोषण न करें, क्‍योंकि परमेश्‍वर कठोर और अन्‍यायी लोगों को निर्दोष नही छोडेगा।
हे स्वामियों, अपने अपने दासों के साथ न्याय और ठीक ठीक व्यवहार करो, यह समझकर कि स्वर्ग में तुम्हारा भी एक स्वामी है।। (कुलु 4:1)
एक दूसरे पर अन्धेर न करना, और न एक दूसरे को लूट लेना। और मजदूर की मजदूरी तेरे पास सारी रात बिहान तक न रहने पाएं। (लैव 19:13)

संसार के प्रति हमारा सामान्‍य कर्तव्‍य
1. संसार में शान्ति के लिए प्रार्थना करें (1तिम 2:1-4)
2. आदर के साथ सबसे व्‍यवहार करें।
सब का आदर करो, भाइयों से प्रेम रखो, परमेश्वर से डरो, राजा का सम्मान करो।। (1पत 2:17)
3. बुराई के बदले किसी से बुराई न करो; जो बातें सब लोगों के निकट भली हैं, उन की चिन्ता किया करो। (रोम 12:17)
4. जहां तक हो सके, तुम अपने भरसक सब मनुष्यों के साथ मेल मिलाप रखो। (रोम 12:18)
5. मसीह की गवाही का जीवन जीयें ।
ताकि तुम निर्दोष और भोले होकर टेढ़े और हठीले लोगों के बीच परमेश्वर के निष्कलंक सन्तान बने रहो, (जिन के बीच में तुम जीवन का वचन लिए हुए जगत में जलते दीपकों की नाईं दिखाई देते हो)। (फिलि 2:15)
6. इस कारण जो कुछ तुम चाहते हो, कि मनुष्य तुम्हारे साथ करें, तुम भी उन के साथ वैसा ही करो; क्योंकि व्यवस्था और भविष्यद्वक्तओं की शिक्षा यही है।। (मत्ति 7:11)
7. किसी के कर्जदार न हो।
इसलिये हर एक का हक्क चुकाया करो, जिस कर चाहिए, उसे कर दो; जिसे महसूल चाहिए, उसे महसूल दो; जिस से डरना चाहिए, उस से डरो; जिस का आदर करना चाहिए उसका आदर करो।।
आपस के प्रेम से छोड़ और किसी बात में किसी के कर्जदार न हो; क्योंकि जो दूसरे से प्रेम रखता है, उसी ने व्यवस्था पूरी की है। (रोम 13:7-8)

अधिकारियों के प्रति
1. उनका आदर करो (रोम 13:7)
2. उनके आधीन रहो (रोम 13:1, 1पत 2:13-16)
3. उनके लिए प्रार्थना करो (1तिम 2:2-4)
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A Short Historical Account of Christian Conversions in India

Palayur Church is the oldest Christian church ...
Palayur Church is the oldest Christian church in India and 
one of the seven founded by St Thomas the Apostle in 52 AD. 
(Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The first Indian convert to Christianity can be traced to the time when the Apostle Thomas, disciple of Jesus, came to India in around 48 AD. The Apostle Thomas sailed from Alexandra with Habban, the merchant king of Gundnaphor, to the Indus and reached Taxila (now in Punjab) about 48-49 AD. From there he went to Muziri on the Malabar Coast via Socotra about 50 AD. He reached Muziri in 51-52 AD. [1]

A study of the book of the Acts in the New Testament will reveal that the apostles often chose the synagogues established in various Jewish settlements of the world as an opening ground for the preaching of the Gospel. It has been reasoned that Apostle Thomas’ choice of the Tamil coast was because of the flourishing Jewish settlements along the coast, in Madras and Cochin dating back to the Jewish Diaspora or even back to King Solomon’s trading centres in the Tamil coast. There were also many Roman trade settlements flourishing in this coastal areas, as known by the abundant coin evidences in Arikkamedu, Calicut, Coimbatore and other places.

Tradition holds that many Brahmin families were converted through the ministry of St. Thomas and seven churches were established in Palur, Muziri, Parur, Gokkamangalam, Chayal, Niranam, and Quilon. After forming several more congregations out of Jews as well as of Dravidi people, Apostle Thomas went to Meliapur where even the Raja was converted with many of his subjects. This infuriated the Brahmins (of Aryan origin).

According to tradition, St. Thomas was speared to death by Brahmins near Mylapore. According to many early Church fathers, the mortal remains of Thomas were shifted from his tomb in India to Edessa.[2]

After Thomas, came the Apostle Bartholomew who ministered in the Kalyan area of the West Coast. He came around 55 AD. From this time onwards the area around Kalyan and the coasts had a large Christian population. This has been authenticated by historians such as Cosmos Indicopleustus (522 AD).

After Bartholomew came Pantaenus, the teacher of Clement, around 189AD on the West Coast. Bishop David of Barsa came around 295 AD. Thereafter, we can witness a number of immigrations from Syria. Kna Thomas came with Metropolitan Mar Joseph and a company of religious teachers as well as 400 Syrian Christians, who fled persecutions in Syria for their faith under Sapor II (339-379 AD). And thus, Christians grew in number in India and spread to different parts of the land. Many Dravidians got converted. There was slow and steady mixing of the community of followers from Jewish, Syrian, and Dravidi origin in the Southern peninsula.

Nestorian Christians as well as monks from Beth Abhe and other monasteries came into India during the 4th century. Worshipping communities were found in large numbers in the Ganges Valley of North India in 525 AD, according to Assemani. Christians were found in Punjab and Bihar.

When Vasco DaGama visited Calicut in 1498 AD, he found over 2 lak Christians in the Kerala area.[3] The estimated population of Christians before Vasco DaGama’s arrival was about one million in India. The percentage is about the same as of today.

The ancient Christians of India were reputed for their industry, diction, respect for parents, elders, and clergy, and for their great contributions to Dravidian literature. Converts to Christianity such as Valluvar contributed to Tamil literature. Christian themes can be found in a bulk of non-Brahminic Tamil pietistic literature.

The era of Hindu revivals throughout the land of ancient India beginning at the 6th and 7th century AD led to active persecution of non-brahminical religious systems such as Buddhism, Jainism, and Christianity. There was mass extermination of Buddhist monks; many fled persecution. Non-brahminical literatures and signs were also wiped away. Thus, history shows an abrupt disappearance of even traces of these great religions. If it were not for the historical accounts of foreign travellers and some antiquities, we would not even have known about all those great conversions in India.

However strong the persecutions, they were not able to completely wipe out the Christian population, which flourished in, majorly, the coastal regions, even as Vasco DaGama testified.

Influx of European merchants such as the Portuguese, Dutch, and British did not result in Christian conversions, as history shows. All the colonial power consistently refused to allow the white missionaries till 1813 to sail by their ships. Most of the colonies refused entry to the missionaries into their colonies. The Britishers felt that the missionaries would dishevel their interests by preaching and teaching the pagans. It was for such reasons that William Carey had to seek asylum in a Danish territory in Serampore.

In 1837, the British Colonial Government, very reluctantly, permitted entry of white missionaries in its territory because of the pressure from the evangelical lobby in the British parliament. The missionaries received no spiritual support from the British government and had to look after themselves. It was their sacrificial lifestyle and social action that turned many Indians to Christianity. Missionaries like Fraser and Carey unleashed a relentless fight against social evils such as slavery and sati. The activity of missionaries against social evils, against liquor, and their preaching about the equality of men was irritant to the British Colonialists.

Many who were benefiting from the missionary ministries began to convert to Christianity. The untouchables who once were ashamed of themselves, now began to radiate joys of knowing Christ as their emancipator. The Christian missionaries went to their humble homes and awakened them to a sense of better earthly existence. Through the efforts of the Church Missionary Society in 1891, the “Padial Protection Law” was enacted. Other Acts such as the Bengal Tenants Protection Act, Indigo Planters Act, and the Abolition of Slavery Act of 1843, were initiated by Christian efforts.

Christian missionary activities amongst tribals have been more effective in turning them to Christ than among the rest of India. The once suppressed tribals were literated and educated. The tribal languages were given script and grammar. Mission work aimed at liberating and uplifting the tribals. As a result many of them flocked to Christianity. Many more turned to Christianity because of its doctrine of one God, the Savior, and deliverance from evil spirits. There were mass conversions.

In the 19th century, the Great Awakening triggered an evangelistic and missionary zeal in the churches. Many missions began to look at India as a field of mission work. The American Baptist Mission brought the Gospel to many parts of North East. The Welsh Presbyterian Mission and the Baptist Missionary Society brought Christianity to Khasi and Jaintia Hills and to Mizoram. Hindu missionaries, at this time began to flood the left over Tripura areas and also portions of Manipur. The once head-hunters of Nagaland became Christians. Thus, Christianity spread in the North East. Assam was already taken over by Aryanism, though it blended with its Mongoloid background.

After the Independence, India began to unchain itself gradually from foreign supports, though missions in India were not able to completely shake off the need of the help of Christians outside of India. Though many more were converted to the various lines of Christianity, Christian population has suffered from both biological and conversion growths. Census reports reveal that the Christian population has declined in percentage levels. Conversions still take place in different parts of India. But there are as much as “going backs”.

In modern times, the growth of Charismatic and Spirit-filled ministries has triggered a great focus on spiritual transformations. The preaching concentrates on repentance from sin and turning to God through Jesus Christ. Deliverance from various maladies and demonic oppression is a regular experience. Consequentially, a large number of nominal (name-sake) Christians have been revived and have abandoned their past unchristian-like lifestyles. Also, a number of people from other faiths have embraced the Gospel message.

There are also a number of cases in which some false missionaries falsely report mass conversions in paper. This has engendered much consternation. However, their works are soon also exposed. The Bible tells us that even in the days of the apostles, there were people who got into the mission work just for the sake of money and looked at religion as a kind of commercial industry. They weren’t genuine, but were wolves in sheep clothing. The Bible called the church to beware of them and stay away from them. And, true worshippers do identify and expose the false ones.

The true people of God, however, cannot avoid testifying of what they have experienced in Jesus Christ; as the Apostle Paul said, “We can do nothing against the truth, but only for the truth”. It is an inbuilt nature of a human to share his/her joy, to not keep a good news secret, but celebrate it; and, witnessing about an inner spiritual transformation to others through words and action is just that.


  1. J.N. Farquhar, The Crown of Hinduism (London, 1913), p.20. As cited by Ebe Sunder Raj, The Confusion called Conversion (New Delhi: TRACI, 1998), p.4
  2. “St. Gregory, Naceanceu, St. Ambrose, and St. Eranimus, all of the 4th century and Bishop Canthencius, and St. Paulinus both of the 5th century, bear evidence that the Apostle Thomas worked and was killed in India for his faith by those who opposed his message…” Sunder Raj, The Confusion called Conversion, pp.4,5
  3. Kaa. Naa. Subramanyam, The Catholic Community in India, as cited by Sunder Raj, Op. Cit, p.7
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मसीही नीतिशास्‍त्र, परिवार और समाज में

मसीही आचार संहिता 
परिवार में

माता-पिता के लिए निर्देश

1. अपने बच्‍चे को प्रोत्‍साहित करें
हे बच्चेवालों, अपने बालकों को तंग न करो, न हो कि उन का साहस टूट जाए। (कुलु 3:21)
उनके साहस को न तोडें। उन्‍हें उदास, हताश, चिडचिडा, छोटा, नीचा, या घटिया मेहसूस होने न दें।
उन्‍हें अच्‍छी अच्‍छी वस्तुऐं दें, जैसा हमारा पिता परमेश्‍वर भी हमें प्रेम से सारी वस्‍तुऐं देता है। (लूका 11:11-13)
2. जब बच्‍चे जवान है तभी उन्‍हें अनुशासन सिखादें ।
जबतक आशा है तो अपने पुत्र को ताड़ना कर, जान बूझकर उसका मार न डाल। (नीति 19:18)। अनुशासन की शिक्षा देना प्रेम की ही निशानी है। ( इब्रा 12: 6:10)
3. प्रभु की शिक्षा, और चितावनी देते हुए, उन का पालन- पोषण करो।
और हे बच्चेवालों अपने बच्चों को रिस न दिलाओ परन्तु प्रभु की शिक्षा, और चितावनी देते हुए, उन का पालन- पोषण करो।। (इफि 6:4)

- उन्‍हें शिक्षा देंलड़के को शिक्षा उसी मार्ग की दे जिस में उसको चलना चाहिये, और वह बुढ़ापे में भी उस से न हटेगा। (नीति 22:6)और बालकपन से पवित्र शास्त्रा तेरा जाना हुआ है, जो तुझे मसीह पर विश्वास करने से उद्धार प्राप्त करने के लिये बुद्धिमान बना सकता है। (2तिम 3:15)- उन्‍हें अनुशासन में रखेंजो बेटे पर छड़ी नहीं चलाता वह उसका बैरी है, परन्तु जो उस से प्रेम रखता, वह यत्न से उसको शिक्षा देता है। (नीति 13:24)लड़के के मन में मूढ़त बन्धी रहती है, परन्तु छड़ी की ताड़ना के द्वारा वह उस से दूर की जाती है। (नीति 22:15)लड़के की ताड़ना न छोड़ना; क्योंकि यदि तू उसका छड़ी से मारे, तो वह न मरेगा। तू उसका छड़ी से मारकर उसका प्राण अधोलोक से बचाएगा। (नीति 23:13)छड़ी और डांट से बुद्धि प्राप्त होती है, परन्तु जो लड़का योंही छोड़ा जाता है वह अपनी माता की लज्जा का कारण होता है। (नीति 29:15)अपने घर का अच्छा प्रबन्ध करता हो, और लड़के- बालों को सारी गम्भीरता से आधीन रखता हो। (जब कोई अपने घर ही का प्रबन्ध करना न जानता हो, तो परमेश्वर की कलीसिया की रखवाली क्योंकर करेगा)। (1तिम 3:4-5)
4. बच्‍चों को तंग न करें, उन्‍हे रिस न दिलाये, न उनके साहस को तोडें (कुलु 3:21, इफि 6:4)
5. अपने घर के लिए प्रबंध करें
पर यदि कोई अपनों की और निज करके अपने घराने की चिन्ता न करे, तो वह विश्वास से मुकर गया है, और अविश्वासी से भी बुरा बन गया है। (1तिम 5:8)वह अपने घराने के चालचलन को ध्यान से देखती है, और अपनी रोटी बिना परिश्रम नहीं खाती। (नीति 31:27)बच्‍चों के लिए निर्देश1. सब बातों में अपने अपने माता- पिता की आज्ञा का पालन करो, क्योंकि प्रभु इस से प्रसन्न होता है।(कुलु 3:20)2. प्रभु में अपने माता पिता के आज्ञाकारी बनो, क्योंकि यह उचित है।(कुलु 6:1)3. अपनी माता और पिता का आदर करें ताकि तुमहारा भला हो, और तुम धरती पर बहुत दिन जीवित रहों। (इफि‍ 6:2-3)4. उनकी सेवा करें। अपने माता- पिता आदि को उन का हक देना सीखें, क्योंकि यह परमेश्वर को भाता है। (1तिम 5:4)माता पिता की आज्ञा न माननेवालों पर परमेश्‍वर का कोप उतरता है (रोम 1:30,32)

विवाहित दम्‍पतियों के लिए निर्देश
1. दोनों एक तन के समान एक रहें।
इस कारण पुरूष अपने माता पिता को छोड़कर अपनी पत्नी से मिला रहेगा और वे एक तन बनें रहेंगे। (उत्‍प 2:24)। इसका यह मतलब भी है कि माता पिता या सांस ससुर दम्‍पति की एकता में हस्‍तक्षेप न करें।
2. वे एक दूसरे से अलग न हो। वि‍वाह के वाचा के प्रति‍ वि‍श्‍वासयोग्‍य रहें।
तुम में से कोई अपनेी जवानी की स्त्री से विश्वासघात न करे। क्योंकि इस्राएल का परमेश्वर यहोवा यह कहता है, कि मैं स्त्री- त्याग से घृणा करता हूं (मलाकी 2:15, 16)सो व अब दो नहीं, परन्तु एक तन हैं: इसलिये जिसे परमेश्वर ने जोड़ा है, उसे मनुष्य अलग न करे।तुम एक दूसरे से अलग न रहो; परन्तु केवल कुछ समय तक आपस की सम्मति से कि प्रार्थना के लिये अवकाश मिले, और फिर एक साथ रहो, ऐसा न हो, कि तुम्हारे असंयम के कारण शैतान तुम्हें परखे। (1कुरु 7:5)
3. वे एक दूसरे का हक पूरा करें।
पति अपनी पत्नी का हक्क पूरा करे; और वैसे ही पत्नी भी अपने पति का। (1कुरु 7:3)
4. वे एक दूसरे के आधीन रहें।
पत्नी को अपनी देह पर अधिकार नहीं पर उसके पति का अधिकार है; वैसे ही पति को भी अपनी देह पर अधिकार नहीं, परन्तु पत्नी को। (1कुरु 7:4)
और मसीह के भय से एक दूसरे के आधीन रहो।। (इफि 5:21)
5. वे आपसी सम्‍मति से और परमेश्‍वर की इच्‍छा की समझ के साथ सब कुछ करें। (1कुरु 7:5)
6. विवाह के सम्‍बन्‍ध को पवित्र बनाए रखें।
विवाह सब में आदर की बात समझी जाए, और बिछौना निष्कलंक रहे; क्योंकि परमेश्वर व्यभिचारियों, और परस्त्रीगामियों का न्याय करेगा। (इब्रा 13: 4)

पतियों के लिए निर्देश
1. अपनी पत्‍नी का सिर अथवा मुखिया और स्‍वामी वह हो।
पति पत्नी का सिर है जैसे कि मसीह कलीसिया का सिर है (इफि 5:23)जैसे सारा इब्राहीम की आज्ञा में रहती और उसे स्वामी कहती थी (1पत 3:6)
2. मसीह को अपना सिर अथवा मुखिया और स्‍वामी जानें।
हर एक पुरूष का सिर मसीह है: और स्त्री का सिर पुरूष है: और मसीह का सिर परमेश्वर है। (1कुरु 11:3)
3. जिस प्रकार मसीह कलीसिया से प्रेम करता है वैसे ही पति भी अपनी पत्‍नी से प्रेम करें।
हे पतियों, अपनी अपनी पत्नी से प्रेम रखो, जैसा मसीह ने भी कलीसिया से प्रेम करके अपने आप को उसके लिये दे दिया। (इफि 5 :25)इसी प्रकार उचित है, कि पति अपनी अपनी पत्नी से प्रेम रखता है, वह अपने आप से प्रेम रखता है। क्योंकि किसी ने कभी अपने शरीर से बैर नहीं रखा बरन उसका पालन- पोषण करता है, जैसा मसीह भी कलीसिया के साथ करता है इसलिये कि हम उस की देह के अंग हैं। (इफि 5 :28-30)हे पतियो, अपनी अपनी पत्नी से प्रेम रखो, और उन से कठोरता न करो। (कुलु 3:19)
4. अपनी पत्‍नी का आदर करें।
हे पतियों, तुम भी बुद्धिमानी से पत्नियों के साथ जीवन निर्वाह करो और स्त्री को निर्बल पात्रा जानकर उसका आदर करो, यह समझकर कि हम दोनों जीवन के वरदान के वारिस हैं, जिस से तुम्हारी प्रार्थनाएं रूक न जाएं।। (1 पत 3:7)
पत्नियों के लिए निर्देश
1. अपने पति के लिए एक ऐसा सहायक बनें जो उस से मेल खाए। (उत्‍प 2:18)
2. अपने पति के ऐसे आधीन रहें जैसे प्रभु के। (इफि 5:22)
पर जैसे कलीसिया मसीह के आधीन है, वैसे ही पत्नियां भी हर बात में अपने अपने पति के आधीन रहें। (इफि 5:24)
3. अपने पति के जीते जी उस से बन्‍धी रहें।
क्योंकि विवाहिता स्त्री व्यवस्था के अनुसार अपने पति के जीते जी उस से बन्धी है। (रोम 7:2)
यदि पति के जीते जी वह किसी दूसरे पुरूष की हो जाए, तो व्यभिचारिणी कहलाएगी (रोम 7 :3)
4. संयमी हो। (तीतुस 2:5)
5. वह पतिव्रता हो। (तीतुस 2:5)
6. वह घर का कारबार करनेवाली हो। (तीतुस 2:5)
7. वह भली स्‍वभाव की हो।
वह अपने जीवन के सारे दिनों में उस से बुरा नहीं, वरन भला ही व्यवहार करती है। (नीति 31:12)
और संयमी, पतिव्रता, घर का कारबार करनेवाली, भली और अपने अपने पति के आधीन रहनेवाली हों, ताकि परमेश्वर के वचन की निन्दा न होने पाए। (तीतुस 2:5) इसलिये कि यदि इन में से कोई ऐसे हो जो वचन को न मानते हों, तौभी तुम्हारे भय सहित पवित्र चालचलन को देखकर बिना वचन के अपनी अपनी पत्नी के चालचलन के द्वारा खिंच जाएं। (1पत 3:2)
8. बुद्धिमान हो।
हर बुद्धिमान स्त्री अपने घर को बनाती है, पर मूढ़ स्त्री उसको अपने ही हाथों से ढा देती है। (नीति 14:1)वह बुद्धि की बात बोलती है, और उसके वचन कृपा की शिक्षा के अनुसार होते हैं। (नीति 31:26)
9 . पति का भय मानने वाली हो।
पत्नी भी अपने पति का भय माने। (इफि 5:33)
10. अपने पतियों और बच्चों से प्रीति रखें। (तीतुस 2:4)
11. अपने पति की ओर ही लालसा हो। (उत्‍प 3:16)
12. अपने पति से सीखें ।
यदि वे कुछ सीखना चाहें, तो घर में अपने अपने पति से पूछें (1कुरु 14:35)
13 . परिश्रमी हो (नीति 31:12-30)।
- घर घर फिरकर आलसी रहने वाली न हो।ऐसे मूढ़ स्त्रियों के समान न हो जो- घर घर फिरकर आलसी होना सीखती है, और केवल आलसी नहीं, पर बकबक करती रहती और औरों के काम में हाथ भी डालती हैं और अनुचित बातें बोलती हैं। (1तिम 5:13)
14. शान्‍त स्‍वभाव के हो।
बरन तुम्हारा छिपा हुआ और गुप्त मनुष्यत्व, नम्रता और मन की दीनता की अविनाशी सजावट से सुसज्जित रहे, क्योंकि परमेश्वर की दृष्टि में इसका मूल्य बड़ा है। (1पत 3:4)झगड़ालू और चिढ़नेवाली पत्नी के संग रहने से जंगल में रहना उत्तम है। (नीति 21:19)स्त्री को चुपचाप पूरी आधीनता में सीखना चाहिए। (1तिम 2:11)
15. दिखावटी सिंगार करने वाली न हो।
और तुम्हारा सिंगार, दिखावटी न हो, अर्थात् बाल गूंथने, और सोने के गहने, या भांति भांति के कपड़े पहिनना। (1पत 3:3)वैसे ही स्त्रियां भी संकोच और संयम के साथ सुहावने वस्त्रों से अपने आप को संवारे; न कि बाल गूंथने, और सोने, और मोतियों, और बहुमोल कपड़ों से, पर भले कामों से। क्योंकि परमेश्वर की भक्ति ग्रहण करनेवाली स्त्रियों को यही उचित भी है। (1तिम 2:9-10)
16 . घर में किसको स्‍वागत करना और किसको नही, इस बात का समझ रखने वाली हो। यह इसलिए क्‍योंकि संसार में कई ऐसे झुठे शिक्षक और अपने आप को परमेश्‍वर के सेवक बताने वाले भेडियां है जो कलीसिया को तोडने के लिए घर घर को भडकानें की कोशीश करते है।
इन्हीं में से वे लोग हैं, जो घरों में दबे पांव घुस आते हैं और छिछौरी स्त्रियों को वश में कर लेते हैं, जो पापों से दबी और हर प्रकार की अभिलाषाओं के वश में हैं। और सदा सीखती तो रहती हैं पर सत्य की पहिचान तक कभी नहीं पहुंचतीं।और जैसे यन्नेस और यम्ब्रेस ने मूसा का विरोध किया था वैसे ही ये भी सत्य का विरोध करते हैं: ये तो ऐसे मनुष्य हैं, जिन की बुद्धि भ्रष्ट हो गई है और वे विश्वास के विषय में निकम्मे हैं। (2‍ि तम 3:6-9)यदि कोई तुम्हारे पास आए, और यही शिक्षा न दे, उसे न तो घर मे आने दो, और न नमस्कार करो। क्योंकि जो कोई ऐसे जन को नमस्कार करता है, वह उस के बुरे कामों में साझी होता है।। (2यूह 1:10,11)
17 . भरोसेमन्‍द और विश्‍वासयोग्‍य हो।
उसके पति के मन में उसके प्रति विश्वास है। (नीति 31:10)

कलीसिया में
विश्‍वासियों के लिए निर्देश
1. प्रार्थना में, शिक्षा में, और संगति में लगे रहे (प्रेरित 2:42; कुलु 4:12, प्रेरित 12:5, याकूब 5:15)
2. एक दूसरे से प्रेम रखें (रोम 12:10)
3. एक दूसरे का आदर करें (रोम 12:10)
4. एक दूसरे की मदद और सहायता करें (रोम 12:13; 1कुरु 16:1; गल 6:6)
5. पहनुाई और अतिथि सत्‍कार करने वाले हो (रोम 12:13; 1तिम 3:2)
6. एक दूसरे के दुखों को जानने वाले हो (रोम 12:15; गल 6:5; रोम 15:1-7)
7. नम्र हो (रोम 12:6)
8. भलाई करें (रोम 12:17)
9. उन्‍नति के वचन बालें (इफि 4:29)
10. एक दूसरे को संभालें (गल 6:1,2)
11. वफादार रहें (रोम 12:17; इफि 4:15, 25)
12. वचन द्वारा समझाने के लिए तत्‍पर रहें (2तिम 4:2)
13. एक दूसरे के आधीन रहें (1पत 5:5)
14. एक दूसरे के सहने वाले बनें (कुलु 3:13)
15. एक दूसरे को क्षमा करने वाले बनें (कुलु 3:13)

संसार में
नौकरी करने वालों के लिए
1. अपने मालिक का आदर करें (1तिम 6:1,2)
2. अपने मालिक के प्रति आज्ञाकारी रहें (इफि 6:5, 6-8; कुलु 3:23-25)
जो लोग शरीर के अनुसार तुम्हारे स्वामी हैं, अपने मन की सीधाई से डरते, और कांपते हुए, जैसे मसीह की, वैसे ही उन की भी आज्ञा मानो। और मनुष्यों को प्रसन्न करनेवालों की नाई दिखाने के लिये सेवा न करो, पर मसीह के दासों की नाई मन से परमेश्वर की इच्छा पर चलो। और उस सेवा को मनुष्यों की नहीं, परन्तु प्रभु की जानकर सुइच्छा से करो।
और जो कुछ तुम करते हो, तन मन से करो, यह समझकर कि मनुष्यों के लिये नहीं परन्तु प्रभु के लिये करते हो।-भय के साथ- एक मन से- जैसी की मसीह क आज्ञाकारी है- मनुष्‍यों को खुश करने के लिए नही- लेकिन मसीह के सेवक होने के नाते- परमेश्‍वर की इच्‍छा को पूरा करते हुएअर्थात, यदी कोई बात वचन के विरुद्ध है तो उसे न करें (घूस, रिश्‍वत, भ्रष्‍टाचार से दूर रहें)
2. उलटकर जवाब न दें।
अपने अपने स्वामी के आधीन रहें, और सब बातों में उन्हें प्रसन्न रखें, और उलटकर जवाब न दें। (तीतुस 2:9)
3. विश्‍वासयोग्‍य रहें ।
चोरी चालाकी न करें; पर सब प्रकार से पूरे विश्वासी निकलें, कि वे सब बातों में हमारे उद्धारकर्ता परमेश्वर के उपदेश की शोभा दें। (तीतुस 2:10)
4. आधीन रहें।
हे सेवकों, हर प्रकार के भय के साथ अपने स्वामियों के आधीन रहो, न केवल भलों और नम्रों के, पर कुटिलों के भी। क्योंकि यदि कोई परमेश्वर का विचार करके अन्याय से दुख उठाता हुआ क्लेश सहता है, तो यह सुहावना है। क्योंकि यदि तुम ने अपराध करके घूसे खाए और धीरज धरा, तो उस में क्या बड़ाई की बात है? पर यदि भला काम करके दुख उठाते हो और धीरज धरते हो, तो यह परमेश्वर को भाता है। (1पत 2:18-20)

स्‍वामियों के लिए निर्देश
1. धमकियां न दें। गाली गलौच न करें।
हे स्वामियों, तुम भी धमकियां छोड़कर उन के साथ वैसा ही व्यवहार करो, क्योंकि जानते हो, कि उन का और तुम्हारा दानों का स्वामी स्वर्ग में है, और वह किसी का पक्ष नहीं करता।। (इफि 6:9)
2. न्‍याय और ठीक ठीक व्‍यवहार करें। उनके मजदूरी या वेतन में अन्‍याय न करें। उनका शोषण न करें, क्‍योंकि परमेश्‍वर कठोर और अन्‍यायी लोगों को निर्दोष नही छोडेगा।
हे स्वामियों, अपने अपने दासों के साथ न्याय और ठीक ठीक व्यवहार करो, यह समझकर कि स्वर्ग में तुम्हारा भी एक स्वामी है।। (कुलु 4:1)एक दूसरे पर अन्धेर न करना, और न एक दूसरे को लूट लेना। और मजदूर की मजदूरी तेरे पास सारी रात बिहान तक न रहने पाएं। (लैव 19:13)
संसार के प्रति हमारा सामान्‍य कर्तव्‍य
1. संसार में शान्ति के लिए प्रार्थना करें (1तिम 2:1-4)
2. आदर के साथ सबसे व्‍यवहार करें।
सब का आदर करो, भाइयों से प्रेम रखो, परमेश्वर से डरो, राजा का सम्मान करो।। (1पत 2:17)3. बुराई के बदले किसी से बुराई न करो; जो बातें सब लोगों के निकट भली हैं, उन की चिन्ता किया करो। (रोम 12:17)
4. जहां तक हो सके, तुम अपने भरसक सब मनुष्यों के साथ मेल मिलाप रखो। (रोम 12:18)
5. मसीह की गवाही का जीवन जीयें ।
ताकि तुम निर्दोष और भोले होकर टेढ़े और हठीले लोगों के बीच परमेश्वर के निष्कलंक सन्तान बने रहो, (जिन के बीच में तुम जीवन का वचन लिए हुए जगत में जलते दीपकों की नाईं दिखाई देते हो)। (फिलि 2:15)
6. इस कारण जो कुछ तुम चाहते हो, कि मनुष्य तुम्हारे साथ करें, तुम भी उन के साथ वैसा ही करो; क्योंकि व्यवस्था और भविष्यद्वक्तओं की शिक्षा यही है।। (मत्ति 7:11)
7. किसी के कर्जदार न हो।
इसलिये हर एक का हक्क चुकाया करो, जिस कर चाहिए, उसे कर दो; जिसे महसूल चाहिए, उसे महसूल दो; जिस से डरना चाहिए, उस से डरो; जिस का आदर करना चाहिए उसका आदर करो।।आपस के प्रेम से छोड़ और किसी बात में किसी के कर्जदार न हो; क्योंकि जो दूसरे से प्रेम रखता है, उसी ने व्यवस्था पूरी की है। (रोम 13:7-8)

अधिकारियों के प्रति
1. उनका आदर करो (रोम 13:7)
2. उनके आधीन रहो (रोम 13:1, 1पत 2:13-16)
3. उनके लिए प्रार्थना करो (1तिम 2:2-4)
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